Sans serif typeface: a typeface that
has no serifs, such as Helvetica or Swiss. The stroke
weight is usually uniform and the stress oblique,
though there are exceptions.
Saturation: The purity or vividness
of a color, expressed as the absence of white. A
color that has 100% saturation contains no white.
A color with 0% saturation is a shade of gray.
Scaling: reduction or enlargement
of artwork, which can be proportional (most frequently)
or disproportional. In desktop publishing, optimal
scaling of bitmaps is reduction or enlargement that
will avoid or reduce moiré patterns.
Screen font: low-resolution (that
is, screen resolution) bitmaps of type characters
that show the positioning and size of characters
on the screen. As opposed to the printer font, which
may be high-resolution bitmaps or font outline masters.
Scale: To change an object's horizontal
and vertical dimensions or to maintain the aspect
ratio. Scaling alters the object's dimensions by
a specified percentage.
Screen (tint): in graphic arts,
a uniform dotted fill pattern, described in percentage
(for example, 50 percent screen).
Skew: To slant an object vertically,
horizontally, or both.
Script: connected, flowing letters
resembling hand writing with pen or quill. Either
slanted or upright. Sometimes with a left-hand slant.
Serif: in a typeface, a counterstroke
on letterforms, projecting from the ends of the
main strokes. For example, Times or Dutch is a serifed
typeface. Some typefaces have no serifs; these typefaces
are called sans serif.
Set width: in typography, the
horizontal width of characters. Typefaces vary in
the average horizontal set width of each character
(for example, Times has a narrow set width), and
set widths of individual characters vary in typeset
copy depending on the shape of the character and
Sidebar: in newsletter/magazine
layout, a related story or block of information
that is set apart from the main body text, usually
boxed and/or screened.
Small caps: capital letters set
at the x-height of the font.
Solarization: a photographic image
in which both blacks and whites appear black, while
midtones approach white.
Solid: lines of type with no space
between the lines (unleaded).
Spot color separation: for offset
printing, separation of solid premixed ink colors
(for example, green, brown, light blue, etc.); used
when the areas to be colored are not adjacent. Spot
color separations can be indicated on the tissue
cover of the mechanical, or made with overlays.
Spread: in a double-sided document,
the combination of two facing pages, which are designed
as a unit. Also, the adjacent inside panels of a
brochure when opened.
Subpaths: Paths that are part
of one object.
Standing elements: in page design,
elements that repeat exactly from page to page,
not only in terms of style, but also in terms of
page position and content. The most commonly used
standing elements are page headers or footers, with
automatic page numbers.
Standoff: the amount of space
between a clock of text and a graphic, or between
two blocks of text that wrap.
Stress: in a typeface, the axis
around which the strokes are drawn: oblique (negative
or positive) or vertical. Not to be confused with
the angle of the strokes themselves (for instance,
italics are made with slanted strokes, but may not
have oblique stress).
Stroke weight: in a typeface,
the amount of contrast between thick and thin strokes.
Different typefaces have distinguishing stroke-weight
Style sheet: in desktop publishing
program, style sheets contain the typographic specifications
to be associated with tagged text. They can be used
to set up titles, headings, and the attributes of
blocks of text, such as lists, tables, and text
associated with illustrations. The use of style
sheets is a fast and efficient way to insure that
all comparable elements are consistent.
Subhead: a secondary phrase usually
following a headline. Display line(s) of lesser
size and importance than the main headline(s).
Subscript: a character slightly
smaller than the rest of the font, set below the
baseline; used in chemical equations and as base
denotation in math, and sometimes as the denominator
Superscript: a character slightly
smaller than the rest of the font, set above the
baseline, used for footnote markers and sometimes
as the numerator of fractions.
Swatch: One of a series of solid-colored
patches used as a sample when selecting color. A
printed booklet of swatches is called a swatchbook.
Swatch also refers to the colors contained in the
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