Callout: an explanatory label for
an illustration, often drawn with a leader line pointing
to a part of the illustration.
Camera-ready copy: final publication
material that is ready to be made into a negative
for a printing plate. May be a computer file or
actual print and images on a board.
Cap height: in typography, the
distance from the baseline to the top of the capital
Caption: an identification (title)
for an illustration, usually a brief phrase. The
caption should also support the other content.
CGI script: An external applicaton
that is executed by an HTTP server in response to
an action you perform in a Web browser, such as
clicking a link, image, or another interactive element
of a Web page
Color Channel: An 8-bit grayscale
version of an image. Each channel represents one
level of color in the image; for example, RGB has
three color channels, while CMYK has four. When
all the channels are printed together, they produce
the entire range of colors in the image.
Character: any letter, figure,
punctuation, symbol or space
Choke: In commercial printing,
a form of trapping created by extending the background
object into the foreground object.
Clip art: ready-made artwork sold
or distributed for clipping and pasting into publications.
Available in hard-copy books, and in electronic
form, as files on disk.
Color separation: the process
of creating separate negatives and plates for each
color of ink (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black)
that will be used in the publication.
Color spacing: the addition of
spaces to congested areas of words or word spacing
to achieve a more pleasing appearance after the
line has been set normally.
Column gutter: the space between
columns of type.
Comprehensive layout (comp): a
blueprint of the publication, showing exactly how
the type will be set and positioned, and the treatment,
sizing, and placement of illustrations on the page.
Condensed font: a font in which
the set-widths of the characters is narrower than
in the standard typeface. (Note: not the inter-character
space -- that is accomplished through tracking).
Continuous tone: artwork that contains
gradations of gray, as opposed to black-and-white
line art. Photographs and some drawings, like charcoal
or watercolor, require treatment as continuous-tone
Copy: generally refers to text
-- typewritten pages, word-processing files, typeset
galleys or pages -- although sometimes refers to
all source materials (text and graphics) used in
Copyfitting: the fitting of a variable
amount of copy within a specific and fixed amount
CorelDRAW files (.cdr): are drawings
made up of vector graphics. Vectors define a picture
as a list of graphic primitives (rectangles, lines,
text, arcs, and ellipses). Vectors are mapped point
by point to the page, so if you reduce or increase
the size of a vector graphic, the original image
will not be distorte
Counter: in typography, an enclosed area within
a letter, in uppercase, lowercase, and numeric letterforms.
Contour: An effect created by
adding evenly spaced concentric shapes inside or
outside the borders of an object.
Contrast: The difference in tone
between the dark and light areas of an image. Higher
contrast values indicate greater differences and
fewer gradations between dark and light.
Crop marks: on a mechanical, horizontal
and vertical lines that indicate the edge of the
Corel Metafile Exchange (.cmx files):
is a metafile format that supports bitmap and vector
information and the full range of Pantone, RGB,
and CMYK colors. It was developed to save files
created in CorelDRAW with the data necessary to
open and edit them in other Corel applications.
CMYK: A color mode made up of
cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K)
that produces true blacks and a wide tonal range.
In the CMYK color mode, color values are expressed
as percentages; therefore, a value of 100 for an
ink means that it is applied at full saturation.
Color Separation: In commercial
printing, the process of splitting colors in a composite
image to produce a number of separate grayscale
images, one for each primary color in the original
image. In the case of a CMYK image, four separations
(one for cyan, magenta, yellow, and black) must
Cropping: for artwork, cutting
out the extraneous parts of an image, usually a
Cutlines: explanatory text, usually
full sentences, that provides information about
illustrations. Cutlines are sometimes called captions
or legends; not to be confused with title-captions,
which are headings for the illustration, or key-legends,
which are part of the artwork.